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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3595

Title: URBAN INFORMAL SECTOR AS A LIVELIHOOD STRATEGY OF
Authors: AMENE, AFEWORK
Advisors: YIREGALEM MAHITEME (PhD)
Keywords: EAST GOJJAM
AMHARA ZONE,
Copyright: 2011
Date Added: 1-Nov-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The finding of the study reveals that most of the operators are in the productive age groups, illiterate, migrants and were house wives. The study also found that the reasons for women participation into informal activities were lack of alternatives for living, divorce, insufficient monthly income, school dropouts, family and/or husband death, and presence of large dependents in the households. The study indicated that most of the participants have started the business with small capital, on average 177 birr. The finding further reveals low monthly income of participants i.e. 343 birr on average and is influenced by frequency of selling, way of production and seasonality of customers and inputs. The majority of operators were living and working in rented, old and physically deteriorating houses and these houses lacked basic services and amenities. It was also found that food insecurity is a common shock being faced these women; to tackle the problem women made various adjustments like change in consumption pattern, borrowing items from friends/relatives, diversifying income sources and selling households assets/property. The problem of housing, shortage of working capital, strong competition, lack of institutional and government support, fluctuation in demand and cost of inputs and health
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3595
Appears in:Hydrogeology

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