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|Title: ||SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, MARGINALIZATION AND ORGANIZATION|
|Authors: ||Akalework, Mengesha|
|Keywords: ||AYILLE’ MINORITY|
|Copyright: ||Apr-2011 |
|Date Added: ||1-Nov-2012 |
|Abstract: ||This study is primarily concerned with assessing the dimensions and extent of marginalization that is uttered in the current social organization of Ayille minority groups-one of the marginalized social groups in broader-spectrum of Wolaitta society. It emphasizes on the fundamental characteristics of social organization such as family configuration, marriage, genesis and class structure and beliefs and rituals of Ayille groups. Moreover, the study explores the overall living condition of Ayilles in terms of the economic, social and political facets within the socio-cultural endeavors of the host society.
A cross sectional qualitative method was employed (in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and case studies) involving a total of 37 in-depth interview informants, 6 focus group discussions constituting 6 individuals in each group and 11 cases selected through purposive and snowball sampling in 3 purposively selected sites(Gacheno,Buge and Mokonisa).
Traditionally, this group lost the rights and privileges in the society at large and did not get equal treatment similar to other people. In the years before 1974 revolution, some of them did not own essential resources like land and livestock of any kind. They were restricted in social interaction and prohibited from participating in social activities collectively with the dominant groups.
However, after 1974 revolution the living condition of Ayilles generally improved since they gained access to land. Accompanied with this, the social relationship they had with the host society enhanced. The recent conversion to Christianity in the areas, the economic improvement in their lives could be mentioned as some of the causes for their recognition. Even so, although they are better off economically in the course of share cropping and rearing arrangements, their social life is still subjected to restriction which is in plain sight mainly in production activities, social interaction and commensality, submissive greetings and stereotypic image about this group, and most stunningly in the issue of intermarriage.
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