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Title: STUDY ON BIOGAS ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM LEAVES OF JUSTICIA SCHIMPERIANA (HOCHST.EX A. NEES) T. ANDERS.
Authors: Yitayal, Addis
Advisors: Araya Asfaw(Dr.)
Mekibib Dawit(Dr.)
Keywords: BIOGAS ENERGY
JUSTICIA SCHIMPERIANA (HOCHST.EX A. NEES) T. ANDERS.
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 17-Jul-2012
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Conversion of animal waste to biogas energy to replace traditional fuel and use of the slurry as a fertilizer is the current focus of the national biogas program of Ethiopia (NBPE). This paper presents the experimental results of the anaerobic digestion of Justicia schimperiana (Hochst.ex A. Nees) T. Ander (JS) and cow dung each separately and with their various combinations at Addis Ababa University Environmental Science laboratory. The biomass of JS and cow dung were characterized and then estimation of biogas production and methane content of each of the treatments, T1 (cow dung alone), T2 (1:1), T3 (2:1), T4 (3:1), T5 (JS alone), T6 and T7 (with digester effluent) was performed by using indirect (water displacement) and absorption of CO2 by 10 % NaOH methods, respectively. It was found that T5 (JS alone) was highest in the amount of biogas production but lowest in its quality and T3 (2:1 ratio of cow dung to JS) was the second highest in the amount of production, but the highest in quality. Thus, T3 produced the optimum methane gas among treatments. Moreover, JS and its combinations with cow dung produced higher volume of biogas and contain more macro-nutrient in the slurry for plants than cow dung alone. Thus, JS appears to be good material for biogas and bio-slurry production.
Description: A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Environmental Science
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3390
Appears in:Thesis - Environmental Sciences

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