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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3363

Title: THE IMPACT OF TRADE ON POVERTY IN ETHIOPIA: A SEQUENTIAL DYNAMIC COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MICRO SIMULATION ANALYSIS
Authors: ASHENAFI, ASSEFA
Advisors: Tadele Ferede(PhD)
Keywords: Trade Openness, Agricultural TFP, Dynamic CGE, Poverty, Ethiopia
Copyright: Jun-2012
Date Added: 16-Jul-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: The Impact of Trade on Poverty in Ethiopia: A Sequential Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Micro Simulation Analysis Ashenafi Assefa Addis Ababa University, 2012 This study tries to address the impact of trade on poverty by way of agricultural total factor productivity (TFP). In doing so, we employ a Sequential Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium Model linked to a Micro Simulation Model. We also used econometric model to estimate the agricultural TFP of Ethiopia. For these purpose, we utilized the data of the 2005/06 SAM of EDRI (Ethiopian Development Research Institute), the 2004/05 HICE (Household Income Consumption Expenditure) survey conducted by CSA (Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia), different years of agricultural sample surveys of CSA and the ITC UNCTAD data. The estimation results of this study shows that trade openness and fertilizer application have positive impact on agricultural TFP. But seeds, irrigation and extension have negative impact on agricultural TFP. We also found that the proposed tariff cut, trade induced agricultural TFP and improved agricultural TFP due the application of fertilizer results in an increment in all macroeconomic variables. However, poverty due to trade openness and tariff reduction exacerbate poverty during the simulation period.
Description: Presented in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Economics (Applied Trade Policy Analysis)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3363
Appears in:Thesis - Economics

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