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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3122

Title: PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF SOIL-TRANSMITTED HELMINTHES AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN ABOSA AROUND LAKE ZWAY, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA
Authors: GEZAHEGN, SOLOMON
Advisors: prof. Asrat Hailu
Keywords: Soil-transmitted Helminths
prevalence
intensity and risk factors
Copyright: Mar-2008
Date Added: 22-May-2012
Publisher: ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminths infections represent a major public health problem in poor and developing countries. This is more so in school going children. To initiate prevention and control measure for these neglected diseases, adequate information is required among high-risk group. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, intensity and associated risk factors for Soil-transmitted helminths and S.mansoni infections among Abosa elementary school childern, around Lake Zway in Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional parasitological study, involving 405 school children, was conducted at Abosa elementary school from April 8-15, 2007. A structured questionnaire and observation for demographic and associated risk factors for STH and S.mansoni infections were used. Stool Samples were collected and examined for helminth eggs by Kato-Katz technique to determine the prevalence and intensity of STH and S.mansoni infectons. Data was entered and analyzed by SPSS version 13 Statistical packages software. The overall prevalence for at least one intestinal helminthic infections was 43.7 %( 177/405). The most frequent intestinal helminths were A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura and hookworms with a prevalence of 20.5 %( 83/405), 19.3 %( 78/405) and 14.3 %( 58/405), respectively. Majority 32.2 %( 131/405) of the students had single infection. None of the samples were positive for S.mansoni. The intensity of STH infection as measured by geometric mean of egg per gram of stool was generally low. The strongest predictors for STH infection using multiple regressions were non-usage of drilled water, habit of hand washing and dirty material on finger nail. In hookworm infection, logistic regression analysis confirmed that male children ≥10 year old age and not wearing shoe were statistically significant risk factor. On the basis of these results, it can be concluded that STH infections is an important problem among Abosa school children. According to WHO recommendation, we suggest broad-spectrum anthelminthic treatment with school health program for delivering health education to enhance their awareness in the transmission and control mechanisms of intestinal helminths.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3122
Appears in:Thesis - Medical Parasitology

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