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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3047

Copyright: Oct-2010
Date Added: 13-May-2012
Abstract: ABSTRACT The major goals of the Integrated Housing Development Program in Addis Ababa (IHDPAA) are government housing production to meet the housing needs of the low and medium income people and also to create mass employment opportunity for Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs). The purpose of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of the Program in meeting these two goals and the challenges that are facing the Program in meeting these goals. Questionnaires had been distributed for condominium house owners on a random basis and to MSE operators by using stratified sampling method in Arada, Bole and Nifas Silk Lafto Sub Cities. Focus Group Discussion was conducted with Site committee members and MSE supervisors in the above selected sub cities in addition to the in - depth interview with MSE and housing officials from Addis Ababa Housing Development Project Office, Ministry of Works and Urban Development, and the selected sub Cities. Percentages, tables, graphs and coefficient of correlation by using SPSS version 17.0 were used in analyzing and examining the quantitative data. The empirical results indicate that IHDPAA is not achieving its goal as originally planned. The first goal of meeting the housing demand of low and medium income people did not achieve due to slow rate of housing production, low income level of residents, absence of housing finance, lack of serviced land and lack of institutional capacity to effectively implement the Program. The Program is successful in meeting the second goal that is creating employment opportunity. The limitation of the Program with regard to employment is that the jobs created lacks sustainability. The findings indicate that MSEs that are participating in the Program face different challenges of growth and expansion. Therefore, the study suggests that the Program should consider alternative housing delivery mechanisms to meet the housing demand of the city especially the housing needs of the low and medium income people who are more vulnerable to the problem. Supporting the MSEs, by solving the challenge they face, can enhance the job opportunity that can be created by the Program. In addition, the government should consider other policy interventions that encourage labor intensive technologies in order to reduce the unemployment problem. Therefore, this study can be used as an important reference on some issues related to IHDPAA in order to improve the effectiveness of the Program.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/3047
Appears in:Thesis - Public Adminstration

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