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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2984

Title: Comparison of Environmental Performance and Economic benefit of Municipal Solid Waste Compost and Chemical fertilizer
Authors: Zerihun, Abate
Advisors: Dr.Ing Birhanu Assefa/Dr.Wakene Negessa
Keywords: MSW compost
incubation, leachate
economic analysis and urea
Copyright: Jul-2011
Date Added: 11-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: With the increasing rate of urbanization and industrialization, the current method of municipal solid waste (MSW) management cannot be effective and efficient to handle thousand tons of waste generated daily in big cities like Addis Ababa. The objectives of the present study were therefore, to (i) demonstrate the positive environmental effect of municipal solid waste composting and the negative impact of nitrogen (N) fertilizer (ii) compare the environmental performance of municipal solid waste compost and nitrogen fertilizer (iii) compare economic benefit of MSW compost and N- fertilizer from agricultural and environmental point of views. A series of experiments such as scenario analysis, incubation, leachate and effects of municipal solid waste compost on yield and yield components of wheat were conducted to achieve the stated objectives. The scenario analysis compared either disposing MSW in landfill or compositing for soil amendment to improve crop production. The results of the scenario analysis revealed that composting resulted in greenhouse gas reduction due to avoidance of methane emission from landfill. The addition of MSW compost significantly increased the soil total nitrogen (Nt), organic C, available P, pH and other microelements. Similarly, the leachate experiment revealed that the application of both MSW compost and N-fertilizer produced higher concentrations of NO3-N fluxes in the collected leachate that clearly showed fertilization during establishment poses serious threat to water quality in the absence of growing plants. Moreover, the application of both MSW compost and N-fertilizer had positively responded in improving wheat yield and yield component. The partial budget analysis with minimum acceptable rate of return 100% revealed that the highest net benefit (7038.35 Eth. Birr) was recorded with combined application of (20-kg N+3.33-t com) ha-1, however; the highest marginal rate of return (1024%) was registered for sole application of 5-t compost ha-1. The results of the present study revealed that using MSW as soil amendment along with appropriate composting techniques and soil management not only improve soil fertility and reduce investment on chemical fertilizers but also can alleviate the contribution of MSW to environmental pollution.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2984
Appears in:Thesis - Chemical Engineering

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