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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2954

Title: HOUSEHOLD LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES AND THEIR RELATIVE IMPORTANCE IN DROUGHT-PRONE AREAS: THE CASE OF BATI WOREDA, IN AMHARA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE
Authors: MESFIN, AYELE MOLLA
Advisors: Professor Kashi.N.Singh
Keywords: Bati, Drought-prone, Household, Livelihood resources, Livelihood strategies,, off- farm,
Non-farm and Migration
Farm
Copyright: Jun-2004
Date Added: 10-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: In the face of recurrent drought and declining land-holding size agriculture on its own rarely provides a sufficient means of survival. Farmers themselves have realized that farming is not enough for meeting their consumption and cash income needs. How do people make up such gaps and sustain their life deserves fine-grain investigation and better understanding. This study was conducted in Bati woreda, a typically drought prone woreda in Amhara Region. It attempts to identify household livelihood strategies and the determinant factors and tries to outline the links between household socio-economic characteristics and the strategies they employ. Questionnaire surveys, key informants’ interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and mean are computed. Cross tabulations and Chi-square test were employed for comparison and to establish statistical associations. The qualitative information was analyzed using Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques. Key issues pertaining to household livelihood strategies in the study area include: the existence of remarkable differential among households both in access to livelihood resources and in the pursuit of livelihood strategies; the greater and beneficial inter-dependence among households and communities for exchange and access to livelihood resources; the increasing desire of households to posses camels and possible impacts on the natural resource base; chronic dependence of large number of households on food aid and the challenge in the attempt to break food-aid dependency; a long standing tradition of migration to Djibouti and the impact of the recent decree of the government of Djibouti; and the issue of limited market infrastructure despite an increasing desire of households to engage in various types of non-farm income generation activities. Households engage in a diverse portfolio of livelihood activities both within the agriculture and the non- agricultural sectors. Better off and middle wealth groups have relatively better access to different livelihood resources. Farming is the most important livelihood strategy for better-off households as it covers two-third of their food requirement and close to three-fourth of their cash income. Improving agricultural production through the promotion of agro-ecologically appropriate technological packages is thus vital. Farming for the poor covers only half of their food requirement and cash income. For the poor both agricultural and non-agricultural livelihood strategies are important. The very poor households cover a third of their food need and a quarter of their annual income from farming. For this group non- agricultural livelihood strategies are more important than farming. Revitalizing the path of livelihood improvement through interventions that protect and rebuild assets could be considered for poor and very poor households. Overall reinforcing existing viable non-agricultural livelihood strategies, introduction of alternative income generating activities and recognizing and supporting migratory labour as a livelihood strategy could be important strategic directions for the study area
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2954
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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