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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2920

Title: PERCEPTION OF RISK OF HIV/AIDS AND INTENTION TO ADOPT PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS AMONG DIRE DAWA UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Authors: SABA, HAILEMESKEL
Advisors: GAIL DAVEY (MBBChir, MD)
Keywords: public health
Copyright: Jul-2009
Date Added: 10-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Background : An "epidemiological synthesis" exercise commissioned by HAPCO and World Bank in 2007 indicated that in recent years a number of new training and higher learning institutions have been opened in Ethiopia. These sites and their student populations have not been studied, but there is some anecdotal evidence suggesting widespread unsafe sexual practices. Objective: To assess the sexual behavior, perception of risk of HIV/AIDS and intention to adopt preventive behaviors using constructs of Theory of Reasoned Action among Dire Dawa University students Methods: A cross sectional qualitative and quantitative study was conducted in Dire Dawa University on March 2009. Quantitative data were collected in a self-administered questionnaire and guiding questions were prepared for the focus group discussions used to gather qualitative data. Analysis was done using the Chi-squared test of significance, correlation, multiple linear regression and Cronbach’s reliability test .The qualitative data were transcribed and translated into English, and then manipulated manually by grouping the ideas into similar thematic groups. Results: Questionnaires filled by 369 (90.2%) students were used for analysis. 129 (35%) of the students were females and the mean age (SEM) of the study subjects was 20.3+ 1.6. One hundred and ten (29.81%) had ever had sexual intercourse, of whom 18 (16.4%) were females. The mean age of first sexual debut was 17.9 years (+2.2). Among the sexually active students, 33.7% had multiple sexual partners and 37.3% had sex after alcohol consumption. Trusting one's partner and falling in love were the major reasons for not using condoms. Twenty (5.42%) of the students claimed their chance of contracting HIV/AIDS was high while 93 (25.20%) said there was no chance at all. Attitude and subjective norms were significantly correlated with intention and subjective norm was found to be the major predictor of intention to abstinence and to use condoms for both males and females. Recommendation: The risky sexual behaviors observed in the university need the close collaboration of the University’s anti-AIDS club, the University and the government.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2920
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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