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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2877

Title: Social Networks and Communication among Female Householders at ‘Gedam Sefer’ in Addis Ababa (Case Study)
Authors: Wassie, Kebede
Advisors: Professor Alice K. Johnson Butterfield
Keywords: Social Networks
Gedam Sefer
Copyright: Jul-2006
Date Added: 10-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This research on social networks and communication, conducted among female householders living in Kebele houses at “Gedam Sefer” in Addis Ababa, is a pioneer study in Ethiopia. There is not previous research on this topic in Ethiopia, perhaps not in Africa that attempt to understand the use of social networks to improve poor women’s way of life. Yet, the importance of social networks is commonly understood and highly valued in Ethiopia and Ethiopian culture. However, no empirical data available that help to understand how social networks work in Ethiopian society to improve the lives of poor communities such as female-headed households. A social network is defined as a set of actors/nodes (persons, organizations, points, edges) linked by social relationships or ties of a specified type. Participants in this research were female householders. Ten cases were selected out of a random sample of 100 female-headed households living in Kebele houses who participated in a previous study in the Gedam Sefer community. Profiles of the cases indicate that majority of them are from poor households with meager income and poor housing conditions. This study identified five forms of social network: 1) neighborhood, 2) friendship, 3) kinship, 4) gender, and 5) ethnic-based. Most of the social networks are established within the geographic boundary where case informants are living. The results from this study further indicate that the roles and responsibilities of social network members within a given network system vary from one case to the other depending on the size, age and diverse purposes of the network systems they are engaged in. Physical communication among members of a given network is the best means of delivering information. For poor woman like those involved in this study, the role of social networks in responding to social and economic needs of network members is fundamental. Non-material values play important roles for individuals to choose their network types and members than material values. Case informants who have more members in their networks have strong interaction than those with few members.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2877
Appears in:Thesis - Social Work

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