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|Title: ||PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED TIKUR ANBESSA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, ETHIOPIA: A 5-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY|
|Authors: ||Alemnesh, Tesema|
|Advisors: ||Mr. Nigus Fikrie (Bsc, Msc, PhD fellow) [AAU-FoM]|
Mr. Taddese Kebede (Bsc, Msc, PhD fellow) [AAU FoM]
|Keywords: ||ntestinal parasitic infections|
Tikur Anbessa Hospital
|Copyright: ||Jul-2011 |
|Date Added: ||9-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Background: Intestinal parasitic infections cause serious public health problems in Ethiopia. They
are prevalent in populations with low socio-economic status, overcrowding and poor hygiene.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections
among patients who had attended Tikur Anbessa University Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted using Hospital data obtained from the Medical
Parasitology unit in Tikur Anbessa University Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from April to June
2011. Patients with complete age, sex and stool parasite examination records on the parasitology
registration book were included. Data was entered, cleaned and analysed using the SPSS, version 16.0
statistical package. Chi-square test (χ2) was used to identify associations between the variables using
p<0.05 as the level of significance.
Results: Over the five years study period, a total of 4977 patients visiting Tikur Anbessa Hospital
were included in the study. The patients mean age was 31.86 (± 14.79) with female to male ratio
being 1.2:1. A total of 1718 (34.5%) were positive for at least one intestinal parasite. Mixed infections
were found in 123 (2.5%) of the total patients included in this study. Up to 3 parasites were detected
in 8 (0.2%) of the patients. E.histolytica trophozoite was the most commonly reported parasite, which
was seen in 13.6% of the patients. Isospora belli was the least commonly reported protozoan parasite
(0.1%). Among helminths, Ascaris lumbricoides was the most prevalent etiology of parasitic
infections as reported in 4.4% of the patients. Enterobius vermicularis was identified only in 0.1%,
thus the least common cause of helminths infections. In this study, the intestinal parasitic infections
were most prevalent (43%) in patients between 5-14 years of age group.
Conclusions and Recommendation: A notable finding from this study is the high prevalence of
parasitic infections, with E. histolytica trophozoite as the most commonly reported one, among
patients visiting Tikur Anbessa Hospital from 2006 to 2010. Overall, intestinal parasitic infections
were more prevalent in patients among 5-14 years of age (43%). Appropriate heath education should
be applied at Hospital level to patients who attend at Tikur Anbessa Hospital.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Medical Parasitology|
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