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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2834

Title: Heritage Based Planning Heritage Policy in light of Sustainable Urban Planning
Authors: Mekonnen, Worku
Advisors: Professor Gerhard Albert
Keywords: Heritage Conservation
Urban Planning
Copyright: Feb-2008
Date Added: 9-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Addis Ababa, the present capital city of Ethiopia, was established over 120 years ago by Emperor Menelik II. Founded as a garrison town, the city grew without a guiding master plan for which we observe predominantly organic layout with mixed land uses of different nature. The brief Italian colonization improved road’s, created new buildings, and attempted to implement a master plan, which would have split the living areas of the indigenous population of the city from the Italians. The substantial transformation planned according to the master plan was not put in to practice. This allows a reading of the city’s astonishing history and exceptional architecture through its old buildings and the paths linking them. These buildings often lack maintenance or are even ruined, having been used for practical purposes that have disrupted their original features day after day. The question of their survival is aggravated by strong redevelopment pressure from the solely profit oriented market environment. Every built up environment can not adjust limitlessly to changes of dynamic needs of the society but when it reaches to the point where it could no longer satisfy the needs of the market it will suffer one of the two fates: adaptive reuse as cultural heritage or demolishing. Therefore, this research paper is intended to identify clearly the pros and cons of this redevelopment pressure on the cultural heritages of the city Addis Ababa, evaluate current policies and regulations as well as enforcement methodology concerning conservation of cultural heritages and come up with relevant recommendation on the policy and policy enforcement measures. To do this what I have done is first deeply analyze the current international policies regarding built up cultural heritages and also tried to analyze the current policies in the local context, then also tried to analyze the policy enforcement mechanism of the city by studying the master plan and also deeply analyzed the specific policy enforcement mechanism by analyzing the local development plan of the case area, piazza. Apart from analyzing the policy enforcement mechanism, I also studied the activities made so far with an effort of the preservation and conservation of the city by any of the stake holders, Governmental and non-governmental. Along with this I also have tried to deeply analyze the physical conditions of the cultural heritages and their functional aspects, the developments around them and cross check with all the above stated efforts as well as policy measure. Then after I tried to analyze the short comings of all the efforts starting from policy level up to the implementation of the policy, the drawback and also the merits of the efforts by all the stake holders and reached on a summarized conclusion as an answer for the research question which helps me to draw relevant recommendations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2834
Appears in:Thesis - Urban Design & Development

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