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|Title: ||Heritage Based Planning Heritage Policy in light of Sustainable Urban Planning|
|Authors: ||Mekonnen, Worku|
|Advisors: ||Professor Gerhard Albert|
|Keywords: ||Heritage Conservation|
|Copyright: ||Feb-2008 |
|Date Added: ||9-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Addis Ababa, the present capital city of Ethiopia, was established over 120 years
ago by Emperor Menelik II. Founded as a garrison town, the city grew without a
guiding master plan for which we observe predominantly organic layout with
mixed land uses of different nature.
The brief Italian colonization improved road’s, created new buildings, and
attempted to implement a master plan, which would have split the living areas of
the indigenous population of the city from the Italians. The substantial
transformation planned according to the master plan was not put in to practice.
This allows a reading of the city’s astonishing history and exceptional architecture
through its old buildings and the paths linking them.
These buildings often lack maintenance or are even ruined, having been used for
practical purposes that have disrupted their original features day after day. The
question of their survival is aggravated by strong redevelopment pressure from
the solely profit oriented market environment.
Every built up environment can not adjust limitlessly to changes of dynamic needs
of the society but when it reaches to the point where it could no longer satisfy the
needs of the market it will suffer one of the two fates: adaptive reuse as cultural
heritage or demolishing.
Therefore, this research paper is intended to identify clearly the pros and cons of
this redevelopment pressure on the cultural heritages of the city Addis Ababa,
evaluate current policies and regulations as well as enforcement methodology
concerning conservation of cultural heritages and come up with relevant
recommendation on the policy and policy enforcement measures.
To do this what I have done is first deeply analyze the current international
policies regarding built up cultural heritages and also tried to analyze the current
policies in the local context, then also tried to analyze the policy enforcement
mechanism of the city by studying the master plan and also deeply analyzed the
specific policy enforcement mechanism by analyzing the local development
plan of the case area, piazza.
Apart from analyzing the policy enforcement mechanism, I also studied the
activities made so far with an effort of the preservation and conservation of the
city by any of the stake holders, Governmental and non-governmental. Along
with this I also have tried to deeply analyze the physical conditions of the cultural
heritages and their functional aspects, the developments around them and cross
check with all the above stated efforts as well as policy measure.
Then after I tried to analyze the short comings of all the efforts starting from policy
level up to the implementation of the policy, the drawback and also the merits of
the efforts by all the stake holders and reached on a summarized conclusion as
an answer for the research question which helps me to draw relevant
|Appears in:||Thesis - Urban Design & Development|
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