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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2693

Title: FACTORS INFLUENCING TETANUS TOXOID IMMUNIZATION AND PROTECTION AT BIRTH COVERAGE AMONG CHILD BREANG AGE WOMEN OF AMBO TOWN AND ITS SURROUNDING AREA, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA
Authors: EDOSSA, ADUGNA
Advisors: Prof. Mesganaw Fantahun(MD, MPH, PHD)
Copyright: May-2011
Date Added: 6-May-2012
Abstract: Abstract Introduction: globally maternal and neonatal tetanus persist as public health problems in 46 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. Neonatal tetanus is responsible for 14% of neonatal death and maternal tetanus is responsible at least for 5% of maternal Deaths. TT2+ coverage among pregnant mothers had stand still at between 30-40% in most African countries. In Ethiopia only 32% of the pregnant mothers have received TT2+ in 2006. West Shoa Zone is one of the nine high risk zones of the country with low TT coverage. Objective: To assess factors influence the utilization of Tetanus toxoid immunization and Protection at birth in study area. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from Dec. to May 2011 on mothers aged 15-49 years who have at least one Under five years old Child. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select the sample of 680 women. Data was collected through structured pre tested and semi structured questionnaire and check lists. Data were entered and analyzed in SPSS version 15 soft ware. A univiriate, biviriate and multivariate analysis were done using frequency, percentages, and binary logistic regressions respectively. Results- A study showed that from a total of child breang age women in the study area only 32% of mother immunized for valid Tetanus toxoid dose and only 28 % of children were protected at birth against neonatal tetanus as evidenced by card alone. Bivariant and multivariate analysis showed significant association between Valid TT dose immunization and maternal education, income, marital status, planned pregnancies, husband literacy status. Conclusion, there is low Tetanus toxoid immunization and protected at birth in the area. Demographic and socio cultural factors were found to be barriers to utilization of tetanus toxoid immunization services. Integrating maternal health services and promotion of information, education and communication in the community are recommended.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2693
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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