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|Title: ||FACTORS INFLUENCING TETANUS TOXOID IMMUNIZATION AND PROTECTION AT BIRTH COVERAGE AMONG CHILD BREANG AGE WOMEN OF AMBO TOWN AND ITS SURROUNDING AREA, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||EDOSSA, ADUGNA|
|Advisors: ||Prof. Mesganaw Fantahun(MD, MPH, PHD)|
|Copyright: ||May-2011 |
|Date Added: ||6-May-2012 |
Introduction: globally maternal and neonatal tetanus persist as public
health problems in 46 countries, mainly in Africa and Asia. Neonatal tetanus
is responsible for 14% of neonatal death and maternal tetanus is responsible
at least for 5% of maternal Deaths. TT2+ coverage among pregnant mothers
had stand still at between 30-40% in most African countries. In Ethiopia
only 32% of the pregnant mothers have received TT2+ in 2006. West Shoa
Zone is one of the nine high risk zones of the country with low TT coverage.
Objective: To assess factors influence the utilization of Tetanus toxoid
immunization and Protection at birth in study area.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from
Dec. to May 2011 on mothers aged 15-49 years who have at least one Under
five years old Child. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select the
sample of 680 women. Data was collected through structured pre tested and
semi structured questionnaire and check lists. Data were entered and
analyzed in SPSS version 15 soft ware. A univiriate, biviriate and
multivariate analysis were done using frequency, percentages, and binary
logistic regressions respectively.
Results- A study showed that from a total of child breang age women in the
study area only 32% of mother immunized for valid Tetanus toxoid dose and
only 28 % of children were protected at birth against neonatal tetanus as
evidenced by card alone.
Bivariant and multivariate analysis showed significant association between
Valid TT dose immunization and maternal education, income, marital status,
planned pregnancies, husband literacy status.
Conclusion, there is low Tetanus toxoid immunization and protected at
birth in the area. Demographic and socio cultural factors were found to be
barriers to utilization of tetanus toxoid immunization services.
Integrating maternal health services and promotion of information, education
and communication in the community are recommended.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Public Health|
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