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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2664

Title: CULTIVATION AND YIELD PERFORMANCE OF PHOLIOTA NAMEKO ON DIFFERENT AGRO INDUSTRIAL WASTES
Authors: BIRHANU, GIZAW
Advisors: Dr. Dawit Abate
Keywords: Bio conversion effeciency
basdiomycetes
contamination
Lentinus edodes
lignocelluloses
mushrooms
media,
mycelium
Pholiota nameko,
substrate
shiitake
spawn
Copyright: Apr-2010
Date Added: 6-May-2012
Abstract: Abstract Pholiota nameko (T.Ito) S.Ito) is white rot wood inhabiting ligninolytic mushroom species belonged to genus Pholiota, widely distributed through out Far East which has been used as food and medicinal purpose. The research experiment was carried out to investigate the yield and the biological efficiency of Pholiota nameko grown on different agro industrial wastes in Ethiopia. For the cultivation of Pholiota nameko 6 kinds of substrates, namely eucalyptuse shaving (ES), cordia shaving(CAS), coffee husk(CH), Pinus shaving(PS), cotton seed (CS) and teff straw(TS) were used as the main material or substrates. Wheat bran (WB) was used an additive material 100:10 and 100:30 w: w of the main material. Moisture content of the substrate was maintained to50-65 %. Only three substrates, these are eucalyptuse shaving (ES), cotton seed and cordia shaving(CAS) show remakable production of fruiting body. The highest mean yield and biological efficiency were 797.33 g, 53.27% respectively on eucalyptuse shaving supplemented with 30% wheat bran. The higher harvest 732.33g, 48.98% mean yield and biological efficiency respectively obtained from cotton seed supplemented with 30 % wheat bran. While the lowest mean yield and biological efficiency were obtained from Cordia africana shaving supplemented with 10% wheat bran 550.8g, 36.80% respectively. There was no statistical difference observed between substrates supplemented with 10% and 30% wheat bran on yield and the biological efficiency. But substrate supplemented with 30% wheat bran showed a little better quality of fruiting body and cropping time than substrate supplemented with 10% wheat bran. In general the yield of Pholiota nameko mushroom harvested was significantly (P<0.05) greater in eucalyptuses shaving than Cordia africana shaving. The use of eucalyptus shaving as raw material was found better for the production of Pholiota nameko in this study, in fact it is an abundant and chip lignin rich material in Ethiopia.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2664
Appears in:Thesis - Biology

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