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|Title: ||Groundwater & Surface Water Interaction in Lake Tana sub-basin using Isotope and Geochemical Approach|
|Authors: ||Girum, Admasu|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Seifu Kebede|
|Keywords: ||Lake Tana|
Isotope and Geochemical Approach
|Copyright: ||Jun-2010 |
|Date Added: ||4-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||This investigation was made to figure out the interaction between the surface water and
groundwater bodies in Lake Tana sub-basin using isotope and geochemical approach.
The main objectives of this investigation were:
To map the spatial and vertical distribution of water geochemical composition in the area.
To identify the origin & evolution of the isotopic and geochemical characteristics of the
water in the Lake Tana sub-basin.
To investigate the interaction between surface water and groundwater.
Isotope and Geochemical method has indicated that two major evolution processes of the salinity
operate in Lake Tana sub basin. These are evapotranspiration on the the flat plain and Deep
circulation associated with silicic dykes.
Evapotranspiration is the main cause of Pockets of highly saline areas in the permanent and
seasonal parts of the wetlands. It causes water to be transported by a plant through capillary
action of vessels from the soil to the air by leaving dissolved matter with no net isotope
fractionation causing salinity.It is mostly observed at the Dembia and Fogera plain close to the
wetlands and trees. It is not distributed uniformly but random and is moderately depleted
The saline water associated with deep circulation is found close to silicic dykes. Fluid movement
under pressure change due to the occurrence of the dyke and osmotic processes has often
residual components because of the long relaxation time of the pressure gradient and thus salinity
The shallow pocket salinities observed in this study may be exacerbated if other additional
processes contribute to salinity of the area. Therefore, a comprehensive groundwater
investigation is a priority to implementing large schemes such as irrigated agricultural
development in the flat wetlands. This can be done by implementing a micro geo-morphological
investigation in combination with diurnal water quality monitoring.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Earth Sciences|
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