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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2587

Title: Assessment of malaria prevention practice among women of reproductive age with emphasis on insecticide-treated nets reproductive age with emphasis on insecticide-treated nets
Authors: Tamiru, Messele
Advisors: Wakgari Deressa (BSc, MPH, PhD)
Keywords: reproductive age
(ITNs)
Copyright: Jul-2009
Date Added: 4-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Background: Malaria prevention and control in Ethiopia aims to reduce the overall burden of the disease. The national effort to prevent and control malaria is guided by a five year strategic plan developed in line with the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative and the Health Sector Development Program (HSDP) of the country. Insecticide treated nets (ITNs) distribution is to control malaria among high risk population groups. ITNs were distributed to all malarious kebeles but the magnitude of malaria has remained to be the leading cause of morbidity in the study area and utilization of ITNs by high risk population group is not studied yet. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess malaria prevention practice among women in the reproductive age group with emphasis on ITNs in Konta Liyu wereda, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), 2009. Methods: A community- based cross-sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in Konta Liyu wereda, during February to March 2009. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 845 women. Data were collected using structured questionnaire, through face to face interview. Additionally, observation check list and focus group discussions were used. Result: Knowledge about the mode of transmission, symptoms and means of preventive measures of malaria among women of reproductive age in study area was relatively good. A total of 92% respondents described malaria as a disease caused by mosquito’s bite. About 30% of the women reported that at least one household member experienced fever within the previous two weeks. Source of treatment for fever was generally public health facilities .About 64% had malaria education message in the last one year. Majority (74.3%) of the respondents perceived using ITNs protects from mosquito bite. About 60% and 51% of the respondents identified pregnant women and under five year children as high risk groups respectively. About 48% of pregnant women and 35% of under five year children slept under ITNs in the previous night of the survey. Educational status, having malaria education message, number of ITNs, attending ANC and frequent supervision were associated with ITN utilization. Conclusions: This study revealed that knowledge of the respondents about malaria prevention in the study area was relatively good. Additionally, there is a better understanding of mosquito breeding sites, which is an important factor for malaria control using environmental management. All of the participants knew about ITNs. However, the proportion of the participants who slept under ITNs during the night preceding the survey was relatively low. It is recommended to strengthen health education activities about the benefits and proper use of ITNs, integrating malaria prevention activities with maternal and child health and strengthening supervision on ITNs utilization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2587
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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