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|Title: ||Assessment of malaria prevention practice among women of reproductive age with emphasis on insecticide-treated nets reproductive age with emphasis on insecticide-treated nets|
|Authors: ||Tamiru, Messele|
|Advisors: ||Wakgari Deressa (BSc, MPH, PhD)|
|Keywords: ||reproductive age|
|Copyright: ||Jul-2009 |
|Date Added: ||4-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Background: Malaria prevention and control in Ethiopia aims to reduce the overall burden of the disease.
The national effort to prevent and control malaria is guided by a five year strategic plan developed in line
with the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) initiative and the Health Sector Development Program (HSDP) of the
country. Insecticide treated nets (ITNs) distribution is to control malaria among high risk population
groups. ITNs were distributed to all malarious kebeles but the magnitude of malaria has remained
to be the leading cause of morbidity in the study area and utilization of ITNs by high risk
population group is not studied yet.
Objective: The objective of the study was to assess malaria prevention practice among women in the
reproductive age group with emphasis on ITNs in Konta Liyu wereda, Southern Nations, Nationalities
and Peoples Region (SNNPR), 2009.
Methods: A community- based cross-sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative methods
were employed in Konta Liyu wereda, during February to March 2009. Multi-stage sampling technique
was used to select 845 women. Data were collected using structured questionnaire, through face to face
interview. Additionally, observation check list and focus group discussions were used.
Result: Knowledge about the mode of transmission, symptoms and means of preventive measures of
malaria among women of reproductive age in study area was relatively good. A total of 92% respondents
described malaria as a disease caused by mosquito’s bite. About 30% of the women reported that at least
one household member experienced fever within the previous two weeks. Source of treatment for fever
was generally public health facilities .About 64% had malaria education message in the last one year.
Majority (74.3%) of the respondents perceived using ITNs protects from mosquito bite. About 60% and
51% of the respondents identified pregnant women and under five year children as high risk groups
respectively. About 48% of pregnant women and 35% of under five year children slept under ITNs in the
previous night of the survey. Educational status, having malaria education message, number of ITNs,
attending ANC and frequent supervision were associated with ITN utilization.
Conclusions: This study revealed that knowledge of the respondents about malaria prevention in the
study area was relatively good. Additionally, there is a better understanding of mosquito breeding sites,
which is an important factor for malaria control using environmental management. All of the
participants knew about ITNs. However, the proportion of the participants who slept under ITNs
during the night preceding the survey was relatively low. It is recommended to strengthen health
education activities about the benefits and proper use of ITNs, integrating malaria prevention
activities with maternal and child health and strengthening supervision on ITNs utilization.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Public Health|
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