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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2524

Title: ASSESSMENT OF INAPPROPRIATE UTILIZATION OF INSECTICIDE TREATED SEBETA-AWWAS MOSQUITO NETS AMONG WOREDA COMMUNITY, SOUTH- WEST SHOA ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA
Authors: TUJUMA, GUTTA
Advisors: Alemayehu Worku (PhD)
Keywords: INSECTICIDE TREATED
public health
Copyright: Jun-2009
Date Added: 4-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Back ground : Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic disease transmitted by mosquito. There are about 300 to 500 million clinical cases and 1.5 to 2.7 million deaths each year globally. Over 90% of these deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia about three-fourth of the country’s area is estimated to be malarious and two-third of population is at risk of malaria infection. It is the major public health problem. Effective Malaria control leads to reducing incidence and transmission. The use of ITNs is one of the major components of the selective 10 vector control strategy in Ethiopia. The effectiveness of this intervention depends on high coverage and effective utilization. Therefore, to see its effective utilization and condition, it needs follow up. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess inappropriate utilization of Insecticide Treated mosquito Nets among Sesbeta-Awwas Woreda community. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was under taken among Sebeta-Awwas woreda households from March 15 to April 2, 2009. Eight kebeles were selected randomly. A sample of 934 households was selected randomly from the 8 kebeles. A written structured Afan Oromo questionnaire was used to collect data from households. The study was supplemented by data from FGDs and in-depth interview. Result: The majority, 808(86.5%) and 504(54.0%) of respondents used ITNs inappropriately respectively for killing (bed bugs, lice, flea and others) and curtain. Only 344(36.8%) of respondents used ITNs for protecting mosquito bite with in two weeks prior to the study regardless of inappropriate utilization. Taking into consideration inappropriate ITNs utilization, the majority, 828(88.7%) of respondents have used for at least one unwanted purposes. During observation at day time, ITNs were hanged over bed/medeb in only 180(24.2%) of households. Only 179(24.7%), 11(13.8%) and 658(13.1%) of children, pregnant women and members of household respectively slept under ITNs the previous last night prior to the study. Three hundred twenty(34.3%) of households have shared living rooms with domestic animal. Conclusion and recommendation ITNs inappropriate utilization prevalence was high. People(especially the risk groups) slept under ITNs the last night prior to the study were very low. Low educational status, being in rural residence and moderate malaria transmission kebeles found to be associated with high ITNs inappropriate utilization. Strong health education was recommended to avoid inappropriate ITNs utilization.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2524
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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