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|Title: ||ASSESSMENT OF INAPPROPRIATE UTILIZATION OF INSECTICIDE TREATED SEBETA-AWWAS MOSQUITO NETS AMONG WOREDA COMMUNITY, SOUTH- WEST SHOA ZONE, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||TUJUMA, GUTTA|
|Advisors: ||Alemayehu Worku (PhD)|
|Keywords: ||INSECTICIDE TREATED|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2009 |
|Date Added: ||4-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Back ground : Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic disease transmitted by mosquito. There
are about 300 to 500 million clinical cases and 1.5 to 2.7 million deaths each year globally.
Over 90% of these deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia about three-fourth of the
country’s area is estimated to be malarious and two-third of population is at risk of malaria
infection. It is the major public health problem. Effective Malaria control leads to reducing
incidence and transmission. The use of ITNs is one of the major components of the selective
vector control strategy in Ethiopia. The effectiveness of this intervention depends on high
coverage and effective utilization. Therefore, to see its effective utilization and condition, it
needs follow up.
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess inappropriate utilization of Insecticide
Treated mosquito Nets among Sesbeta-Awwas Woreda community.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was under taken among Sebeta-Awwas
woreda households from March 15 to April 2, 2009. Eight kebeles were selected randomly.
A sample of 934 households was selected randomly from the 8 kebeles. A written structured
Afan Oromo questionnaire was used to collect data from households. The study was
supplemented by data from FGDs and in-depth interview.
Result: The majority, 808(86.5%) and 504(54.0%) of respondents used ITNs
inappropriately respectively for killing (bed bugs, lice, flea and others) and curtain. Only
344(36.8%) of respondents used ITNs for protecting mosquito bite with in two weeks prior
to the study regardless of inappropriate utilization. Taking into consideration inappropriate
ITNs utilization, the majority, 828(88.7%) of respondents have used for at least one
unwanted purposes. During observation at day time, ITNs were hanged over bed/medeb in
only 180(24.2%) of households. Only 179(24.7%), 11(13.8%) and 658(13.1%) of children,
pregnant women and members of household respectively slept under ITNs the previous last
night prior to the study. Three hundred twenty(34.3%) of households have shared living
rooms with domestic animal.
Conclusion and recommendation ITNs inappropriate utilization prevalence was high.
People(especially the risk groups) slept under ITNs the last night prior to the study were
very low. Low educational status, being in rural residence and moderate malaria
transmission kebeles found to be associated with high ITNs inappropriate utilization. Strong
health education was recommended to avoid inappropriate ITNs utilization.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Public Health|
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