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|Title: ||OPTIMIZING THE PROCESS CONDITIONS OF SOLAR WATER DISINFECTION FOR THE RURAL-AREA (Case study in Benishangul- Gumuz Region, Guba Woreda, Ethiopia)|
|Authors: ||Desssalegn, Abebe|
|Advisors: ||Dr.Tassisa Kaba|
|Keywords: ||clean water|
unsafe water sources
|Copyright: ||Jul-2011 |
|Date Added: ||4-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||In this paper one alternative house hold based solar water treatment (SDWT) technology is dealt
with taking Guba Woreda as study area. It is intended in finding local solutions for constraint
that are found to affect the sustainability of the process.
Water sources that are in consumption by the community were characterized for their turbidity
and microbial quality during the time the study was conducted, ending with turbidity of <50NTU
for most water sources and 2-95 FCU microbial load. In the study in general, it has been tried to
contextualize the technology for the area. The different factors affecting the technology have
been investigated in combination giving rise to an optimum factorial combination of 2L
container size with turbidity of <90NTU requiring 4:45 exposure time yielding a response of
zero faecal coli form unit.
The simple pretreatment unit designed is with the material found in the hands of the society,
including the coagulant-flocculants (i.e. Moringa, a miracle tree). This has resulted in turbidity
removal of 70-95%.
Finally a simple batch mode operating system has been developed that may simplify the work
load of using bottles separately. Therefore these all operations being in the hand and skill of the
community, it can be inferred that the technology can be applied in the study area with minimum
cost in a sustainable manner.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Environmental Engineering|
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