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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2215

Title: OPTIMIZATION AND DESIGN OF BIOGAS DIGESTER FOR THE CODIGESTION
Authors: Dida, Aberra
Advisors: Eng. Teshome Worku
Keywords: Biogas
Sewage sludge,
abattoir waste,
co-digestion
Copyright: Jun-2010
Date Added: 3-May-2012
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: Concerns about the managing of sewage sludge for an ever increasing trends of sewage sludge generation coupled with the complex sludge characteristics is a big challenge for Addis Ababa Water Supply Authority. Accumulation of large volumes of dried sludge (cake) in treatment compound has become common. Since sewage sludge contains toxic pollutants and disease-causing organisms and the failure to properly manage sewage sludge may have adverse effects on human health and the environment. As a result, the city water supply authority has to search for holistic and systematic ways of managing it. In this study, a lab scale batch anaerobic co-digestion of sewage sludge and abattoir wastes under mesophilic condition for 20 days was used to digest sewage sludge taken from Kaliti dump site and reduction in volume of the wastes as a result of anaerobic digestion, production of methane and soil conditioner potential were analyzed. Abattoir wastes were co-digested with sewage sludge so as to enhance its nutrient values. 100% SS, 80%SS:20%WA and 60%SS: 40%AW mix ratio were used to analysis the biogas productivities of different mix ratios and 33.8%, 48.3% and 56.9% methane were obtained for SS alone, 80%SS:20%AW and 60%SS: 40%AW respectively. Reductions in volume of the sludge after digestion were also seen as the mix ratio increases. The obtained results are generally consistent with the data from literature where co-digestion of sewage sludge with other substrates rather than abattoir wastes were used.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2215
Appears in:Thesis - Chemical Engineering

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