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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2162

Title: DETERMINANTS OF ANAEMIA IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH EMPHASIS ON INTESTINAL HELMINTHIC INFECTION AT BUSHULO HEALTH CENTER IN SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA
Authors: BAMLAKU, TADEGE
Advisors: Dr. Habtamu Belete
Copyright: Feb-2009
Date Added: 3-May-2012
Abstract: ABSTRACT Anaemia is a common and serious problem in pregnancy. Parasitic infections contribute to iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women. The objective of the study was to assess determinants of anaemia with emphasis on intestinal helminthic infection in pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was carried out among pregnant women who came for their antenatal care follow up at Bushulo health center, Tula woreda, Southern Ethiopia from July – August 2008. A total of 374 pregnant women were screened for intestinal parasitic infection using direct microscopy and formol ether concentration techniques and level of haemoglobin was determined using haematocrite screening technique. Other determinants of anaemia during pregnancy were also assessed using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS for windows version 13.0. Statistical tests were performed at the level of significance of 5%. Prevalence of intestinal parasite infection in pregnant women was 58.2%. Out of 218 intestinal parasite infected women 88(40.4%) had more than one intestinal parasitic infection. Prevalence of anaemia in this study subjects was 51.9% and the mean haematocrite level was 34%. Anaemic women were 14 times likely to have hookworm plus other intestinal helminthic infection (p value = .000), 2 times likely to have birth interval less than two years (p value = .018), 2 times likely not to have shoe wearing habit (p value = .045) and 2 times likely not having taken iron during pregnancy (p value = .025). It is suggested that all ANC attendants should be screened for anaemia and intestinal helminthic infection at their first visit and those anaemic and helminthic infected women should be treated properly. Health education should be given to pregnant women about family planning, importance of wearing shoe, importance taking iron and the community as a whole to use latrine.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2162
Appears in:Thesis - Medical Parasitology

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