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|Title: ||WTO ACCESION AND REQUIRED PRODUCWTO PRODUCT STANDARDS: THE CASE OF ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||Binnyam, Ahmed|
|Advisors: ||Elias Nour|
|Copyright: ||Jan-2010 |
|Date Added: ||3-May-2012 |
The word ‘standard’ has become a common term in all sectors of business. The desire
towards having the best standards in goods and services is progressively increasing.
Participants in all business undertakings do not negate the idea of having the best quality.
Consumers look for a product or service with high standards. And, transactions are
expected to result in the satisfaction of the parties, with a special concern that consumers
need to be protected from any possible harm that would occur from the normal
consumption of any goods or services.
The future of the world, borrowing the words of the US president Barrack Obama’s
address to the 62nd United Nation General Assembly, is established on pillars, one being
the expansion of global trade with opportunities to people in all countries. At present
time, global trade has become an essential element in the proper functioning of the world
as it caters for the economic needs of nations. More than half of the nations in the world
are members of an international trade organization whose primary aim is fostering global
trade and expanding market access by reducing and eliminating trade barriers. As the
significance of trade is increasing in countries that have embraced the multilateral trade
regime, many nations including Ethiopia, are in the process of joining this trade regime.
When countries welcome the products and services of other nations in international trade,
a responsibility resides in importers to monitor the ‘standards’. The first point of focus in
this regard is to make sure that the safety and health of people are not affected negatively.
The protection of animal and plant life, plus the concern about the environment will be
major issues of concern. The next step will then be assuring that imported products and
services fulfill the standards required by domestic consumers. This envisages availability
of different alternatives to choose from. These concerns exist whether a nation is
importing or exporting.
This thesis, entitled “WTO Accession and Required Product Standards: The Case of
Ethiopia,” primarily focuses on examining one aspect of standard in trade, i.e. product
standards, in the context of Ethiopia’s anticipated accession to the world trade
organizations (WTO). The paper is organized in four chapters. In the first chapter an
WTO Accession and Required Product Standards: The Case of Ethiopia
introduction to the WTO is made followed by general remarks on standards in relation to
trade. The second chapter examines the WTO legal regime on standards. It is in this part
that the relevant WTO legal instruments and some case laws on standard will be assessed.
The third chapter will explain the issues that are of utmost concern in developing and
least developed countries when the topic of product standard is raised in the multilateral
trade regime. The last chapter will explore the enigma of standards in the WTO for
Ethiopia. National laws on standard, current working condition of concerned local bodies,
preparation at the national level to tackle possible problems, and major issues that need
attention in Ethiopia will be discussed in this last chapter. The thesis finally forwards
conclusion and recommendations for the problems addressed.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Law|
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