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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2142

Title: DIVORCE: ITS CAUSE AND IMPACT ON THE LIVES OF DIVORCED WOMEN AND THEIR CHILDREN A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN DIVORCED AND INTACT FAMILIES
Authors: SERKALEM, BEKELE
Advisors: Prof. Sandhya Joshi
Copyright: Jul-2006
Date Added: 3-May-2012
Abstract: ABSTRACT The study attempts to investigate the causes of divorce; the economic and social impact of divorce on divorced women and the mechanisms used to adopt life after divorce. In addition, the study tries to assess the impact of parental divorce on the psychological, social and child parent relationship of children from divorced families. Data collection primarily relies on survey and supplemented with case histories, key informant interview, document analysis and observation of case proceed at EWLA center and Arada Family Court. The sample size determined based on principle of random sampling, which is proportional distribution of attributes taken in to assumption where 50 % for each married and divorced family. Then with 95% confidence interval and 5 % significance level the sample size became 384 for each group. This is for each group i.e. 384 married and 384 divorced women and a child in each family. Then a total of 768 house holds where 768 mothers and 768 children included in the sample. Complete data was collected from 341(89.84 %) married women, 339(88.28 %) children from married family, 307(79.94 %) divorced women and 309(80.98 %) children divorced family. Data collection instruments used for mother of two groups are structured questionnaires incorporated both open and closed end questions. Items included in the questionnaire for both group are background information, forms of marriage, economic condition, social situations, information about their children and their husbands and exhusbands. Children questionnaires have included background information and outcome measures of the children psychological condition, social and child parent relationship. Child 5 questionnaire that deals with outcome measures were formulated by the principles of Likert scaling. The result of the study shows the mean age at first marriage is lower in divorced group than married women while the mean number of marriage is larger in divorced than married group. In addition, marriage by abduction and arranged marriage found in high percentage in divorced group than married women. Due to early marriage and absence of orientation of pre marriage and post marriage counseling, the decision of entering and termination of marriage made poorly. In addition, the study found out major factors of divorce, which are economic problems, fertility problems, pressure from friends or families, and difference in ethnic and religion background reported. The study identified that between divorced and married family there is difference in income, which is preexisted even during marriage. In post divorce the participation of divorced women in employment is mainly in the in informal sectors that include pottery, selling homemade products, collecting wood. Therefore, children of divorcees are involved in economic activity to support the household income. The economic problem of divorced women particularly those with children are worsening. The sole responsibility to raise children is fully on the mother with limited child support from ex-husbands. Among all background variables tested, the difference in educational level of divorced children create difference in their social outcome measure. Those who have better education have better social life. In addition, their living arrangement is affecting their relationship with their parents. Those who are living with single mother and father have better relationship with their parents than those living with the presence of stepparents. 6 The psychological, social and child parent relationship of outcome measures of children from married and divorced families are compared using mean of the two groups. The test used is Independent Sample Test comparing similar variable mean for two different groups. The result of the test shows that the difference of mean value of children from married family with children from divorced family is significant in social and child parent relationship of outcome measures. However, the variation in psychological measures is not statistically significant at .05 level. We can conclude that divorce affects both child social relationship and child parent relationship. Divorce has negative impact and consequences on the lives of divorced women and their children therefore it needs due attention from government, non-governmental organization and helping professions including social workers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2142
Appears in:Thesis - Social Work

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