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|Title: ||STUDY ON CURRENT STATUS OF INSTITUTIONAL BIOGAS PLANTS IN ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||Tadesse, Lulie|
|Advisors: ||Araya Asfaw (Ph.D)|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2010 |
|Date Added: ||3-May-2012 |
Biogas is potential source of energy, particularly where there is an abundant supply of waste
organic matter. Thus, it is expected that, the greater part of the potential have to be realized
through community (institutional) biogas plants of large capacities. Therefore, it is paramount to
come up interest in Biogas technology growing in Ethiopia at institutional level in addition to at
household level. Thus, monitoring of the adoption or adaptation of Institutional biogas
technologies is an integral part of the biogas technology dissemination or transfer system. The
overall objective of the study was to assess the status of institutional biogas plants constructed
across Ethiopia over the past years. The field study was carried out in the selected five regions
by taking four different road routs from Addis Ababa. Analysis and interpretation of the result
have been done with the data and information from the selected regions using SPSS Software.
The general outcome of this study suggested that the distribution of biogas technology in
Ethiopia relative to its demand and potential is insignificant. As the study indicates, during the
27-year period, covering 1974 to 2001 E.C, the total number of institutional biogas plants in the
selected five regions (i.e. Amhara, Addis Ababa, Oromia, SNNPR and Harari) was 91. The most
important purpose for the installation of biogas plants in 94.5% institutions were for cooking.
However, 5.5% institutions installed biogas plants for the purpose of teaching or demonstration
only. Even though, there are a number of defects and weaknesses, the functional status of biogas
plants on average was satisfactory. However, there are lots of rooms for further improvement.
Out of the 91 plants under study, 51.6% plants were functioning and the remaining 48.4% plants
were not functioning (i.e. gas could not be utilized) at all during the time of field investigation.
Besides technical and construction problems, there is high management problem in
School/Colleges/University and Prisons than in Hotels, Hospitals, and other institutions. This
poor management in the former institutions might be either due to less demand for biogas or due
to lack of the sense of ownership or responsibility. The performance of institutional biogas
system is highly related on one hand to the commitment and support of the institution managers
and on the other hand to the skills of internal operators and the technical and maintenance
support availed for each institution. For almost all institutions visited, there is a strong need of
permanent technical support.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Environmental Sciences|
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