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|Title: ||NGO’s EXPERIENCE WITH THE PRACTICE OF PARTICIPATORY DEVELOPMENT T H E C A S E O F C A R E - E T H I O P I A BO R A N A PASTORAL WATER DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES|
|Authors: ||Abraham, Firew Ayanu|
|Advisors: ||Yeraswork Admassie (Ph.D)|
C A R E - E T H I O P I A
BO R A N A
|Copyright: ||Jun-2002 |
|Date Added: ||2-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Following the empirical lessons gained from the government-led pastoral development initiatives
of the 1970’s and 1980’s, “participatory development approach has emerged as a panacea in the
development of the third world in general and pastoral societies, in particular. Concurrently, the
NGO sector claiming more suited for delivering enduring and equitable development has
engaged in the development issue of the pastoral societies. But very little was known about their
method of operationaliztion of the participatory approach in the felid and their capacity to make
sensible difference on the livelihood of the community in whose name resources are pledged.
This thesis was aimed at exploring the experience of NGO with the practice of “participatory
development” approach and to assess the capacity of their development projects to deliver
enduring positive changes on the livelihood of the pastoral societies through case study of CARE-
Ethiopia Borana zone, Dire woreda pastoral water supplies development initiatives CARE-
Ethiopia was one of the leading international NGOs working with Borana since 1985, both
emergency relief operation based water development projects, including water tankering as an
emergency relief item, and none-relief pastoral water supply development with Borana.
An assessment of the practice of CARE-Ethiopia pastoral development initiatives in the study
area showed that, the very concept of ‘‘participatory development’’ message has never been
understood uniformly among the executives both at the head office and the APO, and the senior
staff entrusted with on the filed implementation of development projects. The institutional set up
employed by NGO was unable to exercise demand responsive management because of the
confusion arising from the ambivalence in pursuing both relief and development objectives at one
and the same time, and the inability to restrict the scope of its operation area to the limits of its
own institutional competence and preparedness.
The methods for the operationaliztion of “participatory development” approach employed by
CARE were, incompatible with the features of NGO’s participatory projects known in theory.
The various pastoral water supply development projects were envisaged in the absence of
participation by the community. The planning activity of the pastoral water supply development
projects were also undertaken by CARE-Ethiopia’s own insights and experience of local
community needs and priorities. Thus, participation of the people in the pastoral water supply
development process was limited to labor and material contribution.
As a result of this, the pastoral water supply schemes introduced by CARE-Ethiopia were not
capable of creating substantial economic benefit to the community of the study area. Therefore,
its development intervention has barely impacted on the indigenous means for livelihood and on
the capacity of the poor among the study area community to overcome the bondage of low
productivity employment, and poverty.
The experience of CARE-Ethiopia ‘‘participatory development" with pastoral water supply
development among the community of the study for the last 17 years generally show that, the
vocal claim made by NGOs on the approach and the rhetoric that ascribes to them the practice of
development that is centered on people’s needs and priorities was not supported by the practice
of CARE-Ethiopia’s pastoral water supply development initiatives. Therefore, the empirical
evidences from the experience of CARE-Ethiopia, implies that, the strategic developmental value
ascribed to the NGO sector by current development rhetoric are unfounded and mere
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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