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|Title: ||ISSUES & CHALLENGES TO UNIVERSAL ACCESS PROGRAM (UAP) IMPLEMENTATION in SNNPR: With Particular Reference to Mirab Abaya Woreda|
|Authors: ||TEGEGN, AMBERBIR|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Workineh Nigatu|
|Keywords: ||environmental development|
|Copyright: ||Jun-2007 |
|Date Added: ||2-May-2012 |
|Abstract: ||Water is a common property resource and is critical for sustainable
livelihoods. All households need water for domestic use, i.e. for drinking,
food preparation, washing, cleaning, etc. Access to adequate, clean water
will greatly contribute to improved health and better productivity.
Water supply and sanitation coverage in Ethiopia is one of the lowest in
the world, which is 39.4 percent and 11.5 percent in 2004 respectively. To
change the situation the government of Ethiopia has launched a Universal
Access Program for water supply and sanitation in 2005. The objective of
the program is to reach 100% coverage of water supply and sanitation
services through out the country until 2012. The respective regional
governments have prepared strategic plan to implement UAP in their
This study is carried out to identify major issues and challenges in the
implementation of UAP in SNNPR, with particular reference to Mirab Abaya
woreda. Primary data is collected through KID and FGD at regional and
woreda level. Totally 34 key informants are interviewed and two FGDs are
carried out. The data is analyzed and interpreted qualitatively with the
help of some quantitative methods (percentage).
The SNNPR water bureau and MAW water office have prepared strategic
plan for the period 2006-2010. The plan preparation process, the
participants of the planning process, the time and resources allocated for
the preparation of the plan and availability of data are analyzed.
Stakeholders in the sector include NGOs, Donors, GOs, private sector and
community, Water bureau being the major responsible body in the region.
Their coordination and integration is very weak. There is no defined line of
communication among the stakeholders (e.g. water bureau & NGOs). Some
of the existing means of communications are not being implemented
Material and Human resources available to implement the strategic plan
are mapped and analyzed at regional and woreda water sectors. The
woreda water office is well capacitated to implement the program.
programming section in the bureau is not well equipped with necessary
equipments and adequate man power. Lack of standard indicators and
formats is one of the problems. At woreda water office there is no
responsible person to carry out M&E.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Eniviroment & Development|
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