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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2074

Title: Refugees and the Environment: A Case Study of the Uduk Refugees in the Bonga Refugee Camp, Gambela National State, Ethiopia.
Authors: Blain, Teketel
Advisors: Dr. Alula Pankrust
Keywords: Refugees
Environmental Degradation
Copyright: Jul-2003
Date Added: 2-May-2012
Publisher: aau
Abstract: Abstract In Ethiopia, the Gambella National State, due to its geographical proximity to the Sudan, has been host to various groups of Sudanese refugees fleeing their country because of civil war over the last two decades. As large groups of people are settled in an area, they exert pressure on the natural environment. The hosting Regional Government as well as agencies working in the area recognizes the existence of environmental degradation in areas surrounding these refugee settlements. However the extent of the damage varies from one settlement to another. In acknowledging the existence of such damage on the environment, it is important to examine the different factors that contribute to the situation. According to the UNHCR, the major environmental problems related to refugee areas are deforestation, soil erosion and depletion and pollution of water resources. The main objective of this research is to identify and examine the social, economic, institutional, cultural and motivational factors contributing to environmental degradation in and around the Bonga Refugee Settlement in the Gambella National State, Western Ethiopia. The research looks into the interaction of the refugees with the natural environment at Bonga along with their views towards the environment and the environmental protection schemes undertaken in the camp and its surroundings. According to the findings of this research, a number of factors at the institutional and community level are currently contributing to the increasing environmental degradation in and around the Bonga Refugee Camp. These factors mainly include the lack of policy guideline in refugee affairs at the regional level, the increasing expansion of agriculture by refugees into the surrounding woodland resulting from their efforts to supplement their food rations coupled with the failure of the existing environmental protection schemes to take into consideration the needs of the community.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2074
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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