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|Title: ||Tuning Fluorescence Properties of 2,2’-Bipyridine Using Metal Cations|
|Authors: ||Aklilu, Guale|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Mesfin Redi|
|Keywords: ||Science in Chemistry|
|Copyright: ||Jul-2010 |
|Date Added: ||2-May-2012 |
|Publisher: ||ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY|
|Abstract: ||The steady state absorption, fluorescence excitation and emission spectra of 2,2’-bipyridine have been studied in polar solvents. Absorption spectra are almost independent of solvent polarity. The dependence of fluorescence emission on excitation wavelength was observed in acetonitrile and p-dioxane but independent of excitation energy in tetrahydrofuran. Addition of metal ion and varying pH of the solution shifted the absorption band to the red-edge and intensity change was observed in fluorescence excitation spectra. Corresponding excitation bands of the metal free conformers were compared to the stable conformers of metal-chelated and protonated 2,2’-bipyridine.
Study of the rotational profile of 2,2’-bipyridine at DFT/B3LYP/STO-3G level shows two energy minima corresponding to two conformations of different energy, cis/trans structures, with barrier to rotation greater than the room temperature thermal energy.
It is shown that distributions of energetically different conformers of the molecule (cis/trans) in the ground state are responsible for the dual fluorescence behavior of the systems.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Chemistry|
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