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|Title: ||SELF-CENSORSHIP AMONG PRINT JOURNALISTS IN ETHIOPIAN GOVERNMENT MEDIA|
|Authors: ||NEBIYU, YONAS|
|Advisors: ||Professor Alice Klement|
Mr. Terje S. Skjerdal,
|Copyright: ||2008 |
|Date Added: ||12-Jan-2009 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||In Ethiopia, where democracy is in its infancy and where press freedom is clearly
stipulated but not freely implemented, journalists practice self-censorship. This, in fact,
is a fairly typical experience for many journalists in many parts of the world.
This particular research focuses on how Ethiopian journalists in state-owned
print media censor themselves and why they do so. The study also discusses how such
self-censorship impacts news articles and various stories and how this affects freedom of
speech and of the press. This study employed questionnaires and individual in-depth
interviews, using the snowball sampling method. Data were also thematically analyzed
based on related literature reviews and interview responses.
Journalists, both editors and reporters working in Ethiopian government media
outlets, practice self-censorship, directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally.
They define self-censorship differently, depending on their experiences and perceptions.
Practicing self-censorship, they said, can be useful or harmful and even both, depending
on issues reported, the situation, and the potential impact on the public.
This study also indicates that journalists censor themselves mainly for political
reasons but also for religious, cultural, economic and ethnic reasons, and out of fear of
bosses, editors and government officials. They also practice self-censorship to be safe
and to preserve jobs.|
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO FACULTY OF JOURNALISM
IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR
THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ART IN JOURNALISM|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Journalism and Communication|
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