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Title: CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD: THE CASE OF FISHING COMMUNITIES AROUND LAKE CHAMO
Authors: TAREKEGN, SHADO
Advisors: Dr. DEGEFA TOLOSSA
Copyright: 2006
Date Added: 26-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Sustainable livelihood of a given community can be enhanced or constrained by a number of multifaceted factors. International, National, Local context, the asset base available to the community, different policies and institutions, and organization meant for the improvement of the well-being of the community, the livelihood strategies and the portfolio of activities pursued by the community at household level are the major ones among others. In line with this premises, the research is undertaken with the main objective of investigating the major challenges of the fishing communities around Lake Chamo, Arbaminch Zuria Woreda, South Nations Nationalities and Peoples Regional State of Ethiopia. To meet the research objectives both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied equally. Moreover, the research is underpinned by the Sustainable Livelihood Approaches and the framework which is recently championed in the livelihood analysis by different International Institutions. It is found that the fishing communities in study area have been facing specific challenges in addition to those faced by rural and urban communities engaged in other livelihood activities. Generally, ever depleting fishery resource, lack of adequate government support, unequal resource access, conflict over resource, lack of participation, little alternative employment opportunities, and poor saving behavior are the challenges on the sustainable livelihood of the fishing communities of Lake Chamo. Due to these adverse effects, fishermen have taken various coping and adaptive strategies at household level. In spite of these, most fishermen in the study area have ended in undesirable livelihood outcomes like poverty, food insecurity, distressful migration, and unsustainable livelihoods. To alleviate the problem and to maintain sustainable livelihoods adequate government support, sound fishery resource management system are recommended to be put in place by correcting policy and institutional failures and protecting the environmental degradation in the Basin.
Description: IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1888
Appears in:Thesis - Eniviroment & Development
Thesis - Eniviroment & Development

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