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Title: The quest for conservation in the midst of deforestation, resource degradation and unsustainable livelihood practices in and around Mt. Zeqwala
Authors: Hiruy, Simie
Advisors: Tesfaye Tafesse (P.h.D)
Keywords: Zeqwala’s natural forest
Copyright: 2007
Date Added: 19-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This thesis has attempted to examine the various factors causing deforestation in and around Mt. Zeqwala. It further tries to identify the change that occurred in the diminishing area of the forest used to cover and the associated biodiversity loss. The study was conducted in east Showa Liben Chukala Woreda in particular on mount Zeqwala. Three Kebeles were selected purposively. In the course of the study, methodological pluralism was pursued to make a reasonable research. Hence, combinations of surveys, qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were employed. There has been deforestation at mount Zeqwala for the last three decades. The mountain being one of the few cultural, historical and biodiversity centers and the tragic destruction occurring there has attracted national attention. Thus, the unique plant and animal life, historical ruins and cultural sites found on there calls for conservation from all concerned bodies. The study showed that there were a number of factors that have aggravated the deforestation on the mountain. These are like charcoal making, clearings for farm land, fuel wood exploitation, plank making and animal grazing. Conflicts arose as the people living in and around the mountain engaged in blind exploitation of the forest, water and land resources with Abo Monastery. The result was a total collapse of reason and order as all people involved in the resource extraction went for satisfying their selfish interest. Environmental problems occurred immediately after the deforestation like drought, drying of springs, flooding, Gullies and land degradation. The socio- economic and local development backwardness of the Woreda has further contributed to the deforestation occurring on the mountain. Investment on rural development and establishing an organized sustainable benefit sharing mechanism is very important to reverse the existing problem. Despite the existing problems there are some measures taken to improve the situation on the ground. These include area closure, patrolling and penalties. However, involving the surrounding community over resource conservation and use has been found to be of a paramount importance to reach at a successful end
Description: A thesis Submitted to the school of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master’s of arts in Development Studies (Environment and Development)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1771
Appears in:Thesis - Environmental Sciences
Thesis - Environmental Sciences

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