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Title: PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION-MAKING: WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCE TO AKAKI-MODJO INVESTMENT ZONE
Authors: Solomon, Andargie
Advisors: Dr. Hameed Sulaiman
Copyright: Jun-2007
Date Added: 15-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: In Ethiopia, development projects once been localized to the suburbs of bigger towns, are currently expanding rapidly following energy access and communication infrastructures. In East shoa zone between the towns of Akaki and Modjo, several clusters of development projects are formed following the highway between the two towns. Some of the clusters are located amidst the farming community. Uncomfortable environmental consequences become a possibility, as they have been elsewhere, if there is no a sound planning and management of the environment and wise use of resources. Protection and management of the environment is not the responsibility of the government alone; rather it is a concerted act involving all those concerned and that have a stake in the environment. In this study therefore I assessed public participation in environmental decision-making processes at the local level as part of a concerted effort to promote substantive communication and improve understanding on all sides, i.e, the local public, proponents of projects, and local government authorities. The main purpose of the study is to identify the powerful, anti-participatory factors as well as the potential methods of communication in the community so as to finally suggest possible strategies and/or methods of effective public participation in the environmental decision-making. Formal survey using interviews with 60 household heads and community elders, and 2‘Kebele’ representatives were undertaken. Responses of personnel from 10 selected industries and 6 relevant environmental authorities were collected using fill out questionnaire. The outcome of the study indicates the presence of a largely constrained participation in which the role of the public is restricted as information recipient only. Lack of knowledge of the public for the formal and non-formal tools of participation coupled with inability to organize themselves properly, on the one hand, and absence of detailed and program specific legislations together with limited capacity of the environmental authorities and the proponents, on the other hand, have contributed a great deal to the flaws of the environmental decision-making process. Lack of appropriate information source in the field of the environment is also among the major obstacles for effective participation. Accessing information through Kebele associations in tandem with face to face discussion of issues are suggested by the public as a strategy of effective public participation in environmental decision-making, while the environmental authorities and the proponents require, among others, building the capacity of all stakeholders and availability of information in various formats.
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Addis Ababa University In Partial Fulfillment of the Masters Degree in Environmental Science
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1728
Appears in:Thesis - Earth Sciences
Thesis - Earth Sciences

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