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Title: HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE GENERATION RATE AND PHYSICAL COMPOSITION ANALYSIS, IN JIMMA TOWN ETHIOPIA
Authors: MELAKU, TEGEGN
Advisors: Dr. Hammed Suleiman,Dr. Siyuom Leta
Copyright: 2008
Date Added: 13-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Abstract Data on solid waste generation rates and waste composition are the basic information to plan and implement solid waste management systems. Jimma town like other developing country towns has poor solid waste management. This is mainly because of lack of information on the generation rates of the waste. To fill the gap this study has been conducted. The objective of the study was therefore to identify the compositions of household’s waste and analyze its generation rate, and assess solid waste management systems of the town and suggest some waste management options. The study was conducted on randomly selected 138 households, which are expected to represent all categories of income levels (Low, middle and high income levels) from systematically selected 3 Kebeles of the town. Daily waste from those households was separated in to its components, weight and volume of each component was recorded. This has been conducted for 7 consecutive days to have better average per day domestic waste generation rate. The household solid waste generation rate study indicates that in Jimma the per capita generation rate is 0.157 kg/c/d which makes the total daily, monthly and annual generation 25, 750 and 9,125 tons respectively. The physical composition of the solid waste of the city is mainly organic, which constitutes 60.3% and recyclable waste is 7.3% which assures that 67.6% of the total waste is a resource to generate more income for employment. As a result proper waste management can contribute its share in the poverty reduction and sustainable development program of the government. The result shows that due to inadequate solid waste management system, Jimma town has faced a problem related to solid waste collection and disposal. The existing infrastructure for solid waste collection in Jimma town is not proportional to the amount of solid waste generated from institutional, commercial and residential sources. In addition the number of municipal containers and only one truck for collection and transportation of waste is not adequate. The existing solid waste management experience in the town is investigated and it is found to be not environmentally friendly as the solid waste is disposed indiscriminately on open field and roadside. In addition to this the liquid and /or excreta collected from the town is also dumped everywhere, which has created additional health hazard and reduce aesthetic value of the town. IX The major sanitation problems in Jimma town are basically related to the lack of proper collection and disposal system of both solid and liquid wastes in the town. The result of this study will provide the documentation of baseline data of the solid waste generation rate of the town, which is prerequisite for further design of proper disposal system including sanitary landfill. The responsible body for solid waste management of the Jimma town municipality is Health and Environmental sanitation section in collaboration with the town Health office. Nevertheless, the office does not have the necessary technical, financial and human power resources to cope up with the increasing demand of the growing population.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1718
Appears in:Thesis - Environmental Sciences

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