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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1699

Title: Gender Differentials in Adolescent Sexual Activity and Reproductive Health Risks in Bahir Dar Town
Authors: Mohammed, Amare
Advisors: Dr. Eshetu Gurmu
Copyright: 2008
Date Added: 13-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis ababa university
Abstract: Abstract Ethiopia is a developing country with a demographic profile dominated by a young population. Due to biological, socio-cultural and economic factors, young people, particularly those aged 14-19 years, are generally at a high risk of HIV/AIDS and other reproductive health problems. This study is intended to examine gender differences in adolescent sexual behavior and reproductive health risks in Bahir Dar town. A cross-sectional, study was conducted in Bahir Dar town. Both quantitative and qualitative datacollection methods were employed to conduct the study. For quantitative data collection, a household interview survey was conducted among 630 males and 693 females adolescents, aged 14-19 years, within the 5 randomly selected kebeles of the town and conducted four focus-group discussions, with 40 participants, to collected qualitative data. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of the explanatory variable on the dependent variables using the SPSS version 13. The study examined gender differences in sexual initiation, unsafe sexual behavior, condom use, sexually transmitted diseases and abortion. Logistic techniques reveal that younger females were more likely than older females to have become sexually active by early age. Adolescents currently enrolled in school were less likely to have begun early sexual activity, particularly females. Females who discussed sexual issues with friends were more likely to initiate early sexual activity than males. Among sexually experienced adolescents 65.2% of males and 59.1% of females had two or more sexual partners in the previous year. The proportion with multiple partners significantly increased with age. Around 50% of females and 60% of males aged 14-19 years had used condoms at least once, while only 17.9% of females and 26.4% of males used condom during the last intercourse. Risk of having a sexually transmitted disease in the previous year was higher for both females and males who have multiple sexual partners. Because of early and unprotected sexual initiation, and subsequent high risk sexual behaviors characterized by multi-partnered sex and no or inconsistent condom use adolescent in Ethiopia are at significant risk for reproductive health problems, including HIV, STD and unwanted pregnancy. Gender-based interventions for adolescents should be given at earlier age and strategies for delaying sexual initiation as well as effective skills and methods for the prevention of HIV/AIDS/STD and unwanted pregnancy should be adopted.
Description: A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Science in Population Studies
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1699
Appears in:Thesis - Population Studies

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