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Title: CORRALATES OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD INSECURITY IN DARO-LABU WOREDA WEST HARARGE ZONE OF OROMIA NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA
Authors: ADANE, TADESSE
Advisors: Dr. Terefe Degefa
Copyright: 2008
Date Added: 10-Dec-2008
Publisher: Addis ababa university
Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study is to explore correlates of household food insecurity in Daro-Labu Woreda. Primary data was collected from 398 randomly selected households from three KAs of the study area. Data was analyzed by applying both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. The results of analysis indicated that about 68.9 of the population are food insecure and households living in Woina Dega and Kola agro-ecologies are more vulnerable to the risk of food insecurity than households residing in Dega agro- ecology. Population growth, resource depletion (forest, soil and water), recurrent drought, erratic rainfall, and crop diseases are some of the bio-physical correlates of the decline in crop productivity and thereby household food security deterioration. The bi-variate analysis result indicated that age, household size, literacy status, landholding size, livestock ownership, non-farm job opportunity, credit, saving, agricultural input (fertilizer and improved seed) and crop productivity are strongly correlated with household food insecurity. In relation to access to livelihood assets, households headed by female and young person have limited access and are more vulnerable to food insecurity. Multivariate analysis results show that the probability of being food insecure is high among households headed by young and illiterate, which is mainly explained by their limited access to livelihood assets. Household size, land holding size, and access to credit have insignificant influence on household food security at 90% significant level. Moreover, livestock ownership, saving, the use of chemical fertilizer and non-farm activities have statistical significance association with household food security. In other words, the probability to be food insecure increases among households who do not use chemical fertilizes, do not have access to non- farm activities, have no or have very small number of livestock and are unable to save money or grain for emergency. In addition, poor water and sanitation, saving habit, storage facilities, and poor feeding practices exacerbated household food insecurity. On the basis of the main empirical findings of the study, the following recommendations are forwarded to improve household food security in the study area: increasing landholding size and reducing environmental stress by resettling people and expanding family planning program, increasing investment in environmental conservation and rehabilitation, increasing crop productivity, diversifying income sources and developing the culture of saving and, implementing affirmative action for vulnerable groups of the community.
Description: ATHESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN POPULATION STUDIES (POPULATION, ENVIRONMENT, AND DEVELOPMENT)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1641
Appears in:Thesis - Population Studies
Thesis - Population Studies

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