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|Title: ||DETERMINANTS OF VOLUNTARY HIV COUNSELING AND TESTING AMONG ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE FINAL YEAR STUDENTS|
|Authors: ||Abebaw, Andarge|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Eshetu Gurmu|
|Copyright: ||2008 |
|Date Added: ||10-Dec-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis ababa university|
HIV/AIDS has become the most devastating global epidemic the world has ever
faced and highly affecting the young and economically active segment of the
population. Effective behavioral change communication (BCC) strategies need
to be designed to rescue the future development force of the nation. Thus, VCT
for HIV is included as one of the strategy for HIV/AIDS prevention in
HIV/AIDS policy, yet very little is known about what determines VCT services.
This study attempts to identify determinants of Voluntary HIV counseling and
testing among Addis Ababa University undergraduate final year Students.
The study design was cross-sectional, including both quantitative and qualitative
methods. Using multi-stage sampling technique comprising a total of 860
Students were selected. Quantitative data were collected through self
administered questionnaire information on background characteristics of
respondents, cognitive determinants and psychological and system related
determinants. In addition, four focus group discussions were also conducted to
generate the qualitative data required to substantiate the statistical finding.
The collected data were edited, entered and cleaned with SPSS computer
software. The data were summarized, analyzed and organized using tables and
texts (descriptive) also used bivariate analysis to show the association between
variables and binary logistic regression model used to show the impact of
different determinants of VCT by controlling different confounders.
The result of the study showed that students were found to be high knowledge of
HIV AIDS transmission and prevention and all respondents heard about VCT,
also most of the respondents non stigmatizing towards PLWHA and most of
them favorable attitude towards VCT service. Thus, the prevalence of HIV
testing was found to be 39.7%.
The major finding in logistic regression model showed that marital status,
childhood place of residence, life time sexual partner, perceived confidentiality
of VCT service, willingness to take VCT before marriage, stigma and
discrimination and attitude towards VCT were found the key determinants of
practicing VCT. While, HIV testing was not determined by sex, religious
affiliation and felling being at risk of HIV infection. Regarding intention to take
VCT in the future the key determinants were identified as, marital status,
number of lifetime sexual partner, willingness to take VCT before marriage,
care for PLWHA and ever use of VCT in the past were found the determining
factors while willingness to test in the future was not determined by sex, age,religious affiliation, childhood place of residence, felling being at risk of HIV
infection and perceived confidentiality of VCT services.
The results indicated that despite obstacles to VCT and issues surrounding HIV
testing, further information, education and communication program and
awareness raising with regard to HIV/AIDS and gradual scaling up of VCT
service, encouraging marriage and reduce stigma and discrimination should be
|Description: ||A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa
University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master
of Science in Population Studies|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Population Studies|
Thesis - Population Studies
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