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|Title: ||Analysis of Traffic Accident In Addis Ababa: Traffic Simulation|
|Authors: ||Fanueal, Samson|
|Advisors: ||Dr. Chandra|
|Copyright: ||2006 |
|Date Added: ||21-Oct-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||The thesis Submitted to School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in
partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Masters of Science in
Mechanical Engineering (Industrial Engineering Stream)|
|Description: ||This paper discusses the growing problem of road traffic crashes, particularly in Addis
Ababa with particular reference to the magnitude, risk factors, interventions and research
priorities. The 2004 World Health Report shows that of the 1.2 million people killed in
road crash worldwide, 85% are in developing countries.
The traffic police reports human error, road environment and vehicle factors as the main
causes of road crashes. However, little documentation is available on the broader
underlying factors such as deficiencies in the breviaries changes, ineffective road safety
legislation and enforcement, systems for data collection and management, and inadequate
medical infrastructure for post-injury management. Although a variety of road safety
interventions have been successfully applied, little attempt has been made to promote and
Every year, around 300 people are killed on Addis Ababa's roads and 1500 are light and
seriously injured [Federal Police Central Bureau]. The governments have launched
several campaigns, such as “Think!” and Road Safety Campaign (RSC), to help people
become aware of road safety issues and try to reduce road accident.
This study tries to analyze the traffic accidents, and develop a computer-based traffic
simulation for the route selection. This thesis has two main functions. Firstly, the aim is
to provide users with an understanding of the major causes of traffic accidents and
present using several Statistical tools. At the second function, it will apply an innovative,
hybrid statistical model for route selection based on accident prediction to traffic police
The system, if developed to include the whole network in Addis Ababa, will support
several target groups, viz. all road users, Traffic Police and the Emergency and Fire
Service through to insurance companies, and local government. The ideal system will
Analysis of road traffic accidents in Addis Ababa: Traffic simulation
give people useful suggestions about how to improve road planning and traffic
In this paper, a survey is done on current prediction models and visualization techniques.
A prototype system is developed using these theories. The functions in the prototype
system are limited. More data is required to actualize the system on real terms.
The study consists of two major parts: the first part gives detail about the road traffic
accident, and Ant Based Control Algorithm implemented for road traffic management.
The second part, customization of research empirical equations and experiences to our
local conditions and simulate/ forecast the future trend and also with the help of software
developed, route selection at the pick hours is managed for the specific path in Addis
In conclusion, the paper highlights the background of the growing problem of road traffic
injuries in the city and provides some basis for optimism in tackling it.|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Mechanical Engineering|
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