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Title: Situation and Livelihood Changes of PLWHA in Adama Town:A Comparative Study of IGA Participants and Non-participants
Advisors: Dr Terefe Degefa
Copyright: 2008
Date Added: 14-Oct-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Abstract HIV/AIDS is the most pressing problem in the world since the last two to three decades; particularly in the third world countries. It has a devastating impact on the health and socio-economic well being of population in many parts of the developing world. Most obviously HIV/AIDS affects human health and infected people are either eventually die pre-maturely; or they are less productive due to serious of different opportunistic infections. In addition, HIV/AIDS increases poverty in the long run by diminishing assets of households including human physical, social, financial and natural capacities. It increases the relative costs of both avoiding and treating the illness and damages the financial assets. However, to reduce the long term impacts of HIV/AIDS pandemic, the Ethiopian government formulates policies and programs to participate PLWHA in development programs like IGA. Such program are highly practiced in Adama town few years ago by different governmental and NGOs. The basic objective of this study is therefore, to examine the effectiveness of these IGA in bringing changes in the livelihoods of PLWHA in comparison to non IGA participants. It is conducted using primary source of data. The data was collected by administering questionnaire, focus group discussions and in depth interview. The study is based on both qualitative and quantitative methods. PLWHA participating in IGA and same number of PLWHA not participating in IGA are included in the study. The survey questionnaires were effectively administered to 446 (223 PLWHA in IGA and 223 PLWHA not in IGA), and six FGD and six indepth interview were held with both IGA groups and non IGA groups. The data are processed and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) computer software and descriptive, analytical and inferential techniques was employed to explain the comparison of PLWHAs participating in IGA and PLWHAs not participating in IGA.The study has assessed the major household consumption needs and contribution of IGA to cover household expenses in comparison with PLWHA not participating in IGAs. Given the small amount of financial support as well as shortages of technical supports, PLWHA participating in IGA has better economic advantages to cover their household expenses as compared to PLWHA not participating in IGA. However, IGA has its own drawbacks. Based on the finding providing technical support such as training, a thorough monitoring and evaluation of the program and networking among concerned government and NGOs are major recommendations of the researcher. The effort will bring valuable change provided that there is a strong working relationship among all concerned parties; governmental, non-governmental and community based efforts.
Description: A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science in Population Studies (Population, Environment and Development)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1423
Appears in:ILS Proceedings - The 19th Annual Conference

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