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Title: Capacity Evaluation of Roundabout Junctions In Addis Ababa
Authors: Tewodros, Getachew
Advisors: Dr.Ing. Girma Berhanu
Dr.Ing. Finn Blakstad
Copyright: Apr-2006
Date Added: 13-Oct-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This thesis addresses the most important element of operational performance of roundabout traffic intersections in Addis Ababa: capacity analysis. The relation between a roundabout performance measure and capacity is often expressed in terms of degree of saturation (Demand volume – Capacity ratio). The capacity analysis is done based on empirical gap – acceptance method that is adopted by aaSIDRA software. The necessary geometric data for the analysis (average entry width, circulatory road width, number of entry and circulatory lanes, and island diameter), traffic movement data with vehicle characteristics and pedestrians volume were collected from 10 roundabouts. These 10 roundabouts represent different sizes of inscribed circle diameters of roundabouts, which are directly related to their approach leg numbers (3 leg, 4 legs, 5 legs and 6 legs). aaSIDRA software capacity analysis results indicated that out of 10 roundabouts 6 of them have greater than 0.85 degree of saturation. This 0.85 value is recommended by analysis procedure of some model countries such as Australia, Germany, United Kingdom and U.S.A. Whose roundabouts are designed to operate at no more than 85 percents of their estimated capacity. Approach entry capacity has been analyzed for all 10 roundabouts at their legs and with curve –fitting techniques. Effective capacity verses geometric parameters relationship have been developed in order to find out the causes of their over Saturation (v/c ratio greater than 0.85) And the result indicates; number of entry lanes, number of circulatory lanes, high traffic flow and pedestrian volumes are the major causes of their over saturation. Furthermore, The chart is developed using the parameters number of entry lanes, number of circulatory lanes and opposing circulatory flows, which can assist in designing of roundabouts and forecasting their capacity.
Description: A thesis submitted to School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Civil Engineering (Road and Transport Engineering)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1401
Appears in:Thesis - Civil Engineering

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