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Title: Nominal clauses in Dime
Authors: Mulugeta, Seyoum
Copyright: 2008
Date Added: 24-Sep-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: In this paper we treat nominal clauses which are commonly called non-verbal or copula clauses. They are also expressed with out using any copula. We discuss the past and future nominal clauses. The equative and attributive nominal clauses are tense-less which marked by the copula –éé or dán. These are used alternatively without any apparent meaning difference. We also discuss the nominal clauses in negative and interrogative constructions. The past nominal clause is expressed by déén-ká except for first person which employs deebdee. The future tense nominal clause is expressed by the morpheme –tub. The same morpheme is used for expressing future or imperfective in verbal clauses specifically with first person pronouns. In nominal constructions –tub expresses future tense with all subjects, irrespective of the person value of the subject. Interestingly in Dime copula has a number of functions, in nominal as well as in verbal constructions, for instance, the copula following main verb expresses aspects and some focusing structure in the language. The negative nominal clause is headed by the negative copula yi- and the negative marker -káy. The equative, attributive, existential and locative as well as the possessive nominal clauses are expressed by yi-kay. The interrogative marker in nominal clause is -a⁄a⁄ for second person both in perfective and imperfective aspect. For the other persons, the interrogative in nominal clauses indicated prosodically, through a high tone on the final vowel of the aspect markers.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1353
Appears in:ILS Proceedings - The 19th Annual Conference

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