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|Title: ||COMPARISON OF PSEUDO-STATIC AND DYNAMIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF SIBILU DAM|
|Authors: ||FANTAHUN, GETACHEW|
|Advisors: ||Doctor Messele Haile|
|Copyright: ||2002 |
|Date Added: ||21-May-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||Dynamic loads induced by earthquakes are often major factors in the design of earth
dams. Earthquake induced stresses are major factors in determining the angles of the
dam slopes and significantly influence the selection of materials, the zoning of the dam,
and the construction method. Awareness about more rigorous seismic stability analysis is
also growing during recent years.
In Ethiopia dams are being constructed for various purposes. The analysis and design of
dams has been carried out by taking many factors in to account. Among these factors
earthquake effect is considered mainly for major dams. One of these dams is the Sibilu
Dam, which is under design for the Addis Ababa water supply. Until the present, in
Ethiopia, seismic effect is commonly considered by the pseudo-static analysis method.
But representation of the complex, transient and dynamic effects of earthquake shaking
by constant pseudo-static forces is obviously not accurate. In this thesis an attempt was
made to compare the pseudo-static and dynamic response analysis by taking the Sibilu
Dam as a case study. The main purpose of the study is to show the shortcomings of the
pseudo-static analysis method as compared to the dynamic response analysis when
applied to the analysis of earth/ rock fill dams.
The thesis is organized as follows: initially a background is given on seismicity and
seismic hazards in general and Ethiopia in particular. The second chapter covers
summary of previous works related to this study. In the third chapter some description is
given about the Sibilu Dam, the dam under the case study. In chapter four, the definition
of the expected seismic excitation for the dam site is presented. The historical records of
earthquake events are collected and geotechnical data of the dam site are reviewed
paying special attention to the location of active faults. The obtained data set is analyzed
to give the required earthquake parameter for two different return periods.
In fifth chapter, the pseudo-static slope stability analysis is done with the conventional
limit equilibrium method by using the design ground motion as an input. The analysis is
performed for the upstream and down stream slopes of the dam by varying the possible
critical cases. In chapter six, analysis and design is done based on permissible
deformation. The dynamic response analysis is done by varying the material behavior.
Non-linearity is considered by the Equivalent Linear Method. Finally, comparison of the
different analysis methods is made and conclusions and recommendations are drawn.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of M.sc.
in Civil Engineering|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Civil Engineering|
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