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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1152

Title: EXTENSION SERVICE AND SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE IN ACHEFER WOREDA OF AMHARA REGION
Authors: YILKAL, KEFALE
Advisors: Dr. Teketel Abebe
Dr. Ayalew Gebre
Copyright: 2003
Date Added: 20-May-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This study tries to portray the interaction between smallholder agriculture and extension service in Achefer Woreda of Amhara Region. Different methods of data collection are employed to generate reliable data to the description of the interaction between extension service and smallholder agriculture. The study also reviews the theoretical background and the Ethiopian experience in agricultural extension. The study focuses on two areas. The first area is the description and analysis of the socio-economic factors, which may hinder or facilitate the adoption of innovation. The second point is the socio-economic impact of extension service on smallholder agriculture with in the framework of agricultural extension. The study identifies land and oxen as a major constraint to the adoption innovation. Although labour is an important factor in smallholder agriculture, it is not found in the kebele as basic as land and oxen in the adoption of innovation. The local arrangements in the form of wonfel,lemena ,wobera allows the flow of labour among households in critical times. Timad as a means of access to both land and oxen allow the flow of these resources among households. Mekenajo as a means of access to oxen also has enabled the two households to combine their single ox resources for mutual benefit. It argues that some of local arrangements like timad as access to oxen shed light on the prospect of overcoming oxen constraints with the proper adoption of innovation. It also describes credit and marketing as one of important factors to the adoption of innovation. This study identifies that a delay on the availability of inputs is a major constraint in the adoption of innovation. It demonstrates that agricultural extension is a very good institution to improve the smallholder agriculture in the kebele, though it has limitation in some aspects. The study has also demonstrated the considerable impacts of extension service on the smallholder agriculture. It describes its impact in the form of cultivation, Productivity, cropping patterns and household economic improvements. It also identifies areas like agricultural implement where agricultural extension has not yet made significant impacts. Some of the impacts seem to lack continuity. It argues the need to address some problems associated with the impact of extension service on dietary changes and decline of productivity. The role of the extension service in the study area in terms of introducing better natural resources management practices is very minimal and insignificant as compared to its impact on crop production. Change in the level of productivity has also brought improvements in the household economic status. The study has also identified some of the trends in socio-cultural changes, resource utilization and household furniture.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES FOR THE PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIRMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS IN SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1152
Appears in:Thesis - Social Anthropology

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