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|Title: ||PROJECT MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY ON INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH PROJECTS SPONSORED BY THE ETHIOPIAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION|
|Authors: ||Gebru, Ayehubzu|
|Advisors: ||Dr.-Ing. Daniel Kitaw|
|Copyright: ||2002 |
|Date Added: ||20-May-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||The development differences prevailing today in different parts of the world are largely due to
the differences in creating and/or using science and technology (S&T) for the benefits of society.
In S&T, research and development (R&D) is the most important tool. In Ethiopia, R&D activity
is a recent phenomenon.
Since 1993, the Ethiopian Science and Technology Commission (ESTC) is running a Local
Research and Development Grant (LRG) Program to support small R&D projects. The
Program is open to every individual and organization in the S&T areas of agriculture, health,
industry (manufacturing, construction, and transport & communication), water, mines and
energy and information technology. The Program involves the ESTC, the Councils, the hosting
institutions and the researchers as the main stakeholders with different roles. In the Program,
the Government avails a maximum grant of Birr 25,000 per project. Projects with life span of 12
months and below are supported.
The assessment carried out on 63 industrial LRG projects with approved grant of Birr 1,029,648
in the eight cycles (1993-2000) shows that only seven percent of the projects are completed at
and below 12 months. The average completion time is 29 months. No project is concluded
according to its budget breakdown. Only 32% of the projects are completed as planned
financially in aggregate. Sixteen percent of the approved fund is not utilized by the projects.
Sixty-eight percent of this unutilized fund is not returned to the account of the ESTC. The results
of more than 62% of the projects are shelved. Most of the reports are poorly presented. They
are shallow and do not indicate clearly what the project team has done. Sixty-five percent of the
projects are completed, 14% and 21% are discontinued and ongoing respectively.
Fundamentals of Project Management
Many causes are reported by the researchers for these performance deviations. General
activities to be carried out by the main stakeholders and the Government are indicated in the
study so that the results of the projects can contribute to the industrial S&T development of the
country. The problem of project selection is treated here in detail. It is one of the most
important decisions involved in R&D because it allows to optimally allocate the limited financial
resource, and to select projects with high probability of success and maximum profitability and
that best further the goals of the country (direction, extent and balance of R&D).
An integer/binary programming model subject to sectoral/sub-sectoral budget constraint is
developed and solved for project selection. The model ranks and selects projects based on their
benefit-to-cost ratio such that the sum of their costs doesn't exceed the available sector/subsector
budget. The sector/sub-sector budget can be allocated by the principle of "apportionment
by ratios" from the Government budget of the Program. The program/software that performs
this selection process is developed using Microsoft Access and Visual Basic. The result of the
software has shown differences from the existing method in the priority of the projects selected,
|Description: ||A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (Industrial Engineering Specialization)|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Applied Mechanics|
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