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Title: HOW DO PEOPLE PROTECT THEMSELVES FROM DUAL RISK OF UNINTENDED PREGNANCY ANDHIV/AIDS?A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY AMONG MARRIED OR COHABITING IN ADWA TOWN, TIGRAY REGION
Authors: TSIGEMARIAM, TEKLU
Advisors: Dr. Gail Davey
Copyright: 2006
Date Added: 11-May-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Background---In Ethiopia 17% of births are not wanted, while 20% of births are mistimed. Over 90% of adult cases of HIV in Ethiopia are attributable to heterosexual activity. Dual protection is concurrent protection from unintended pregnancy and HIV/AIDS representing an important public health intervention in this context. Objective—to assess the extent of & barriers to dual protection among married or cohabiting people in Adwa town Methodology— a community based stratified cross-sectional survey of 868 married or cohabiting aged 15-49 years women and 15-59 years men and 4 FGDs composed of two men & women groups were conducted in Adwa town, in the northern part of the country, from February 8 to March 3, 2006. Seven ketenas were selected by simple random sampling. A census was conducted and respondents were selected by computer generated random number. Data analysis for the quantitative part was using EPI info v6 and SPSS 11.0 for windows and the qualitative part was manually summarized & analyzed. Result- the practice of dual protection was found to be 13.8%. The leading barriers against dual method use were not having the knowledge on how to prevent dual risks (accounting for 70.2%) followed by need for more children. Sex, education, employment, knowledge, communication with spouse/partner & contraceptive provider & approval of condom use with in marriage were found to be important predictors. Conclusion - dual protection use is low in the presence of high morbidity & mortality due to reproductive complications including from HIV. Condom use is low among current contraceptive users. Lack of knowledge is the predominant barrier for dual protection method use. Communication is important for promotion of dual protection.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO FACULTY OF MEDICINE ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY HEALTH IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1054
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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