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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1042

Title: FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS AND POVERTY IN URBAN ETHIOPIA
Authors: MERON, ASSEFA
Advisors: Dr. Mulat Demeke
Keywords: Welfare and Poverty
Vulnerability
Female-headed households
Urban Ethiopia
FGT poverty indices
OLS
Probit
Ordered Probit
Tobit models
Copyright: 2003
Date Added: 11-May-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The study has tried to examine the extent of poverty and vulnerability of female–headed households by way of making comparisons with their male counterparts in urban Ethiopia. It further looks through the determinants of their welfare and poverty. It is based on the 1999/2000 Household Income, Consumption and Expenditure Survey (HICES) and Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS) from Central Statistical Authority (CSA). Using the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) poverty indices, the descriptive analysis of poverty indices revealed that female-headed households are poorer and more vulnerable to poverty than male-headed households. To further investigate this, micro level regression models (OLS, probit, ordered probit and tobit models) have been estimated. And as to the results, the variable indicating gender suggests that female headship has no significant direct impact on the welfare or poverty level of households. Rather, other variables such as educational attainment of the head, household size (especially higher number of children in a family), location of residence in the region, and to some extent employment status of the head are found to be the key determinants of poverty. However, since FHHs are more illiterate and unemployed with most of them concentrating in informal sector activities, by implication the fact that they are female heads has an impact on the welfare or poverty status of the households indirectly through affecting their level of education and employment status. Hence, there is an evidence to suggest that poverty alleviation programs should use FHHs as proxy variables for targeting the poor. With that, gender-sensitive poverty alleviation policies that enhance endowments such as those that increase education level, employment and ability to control fertility should be the key ingredients of a poverty reduction strategy in the region. Besides, the variable indicating region of residence suggests that for the government to eradicate poverty anti-poverty policy should be drawn on regional basis.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES IN PARTIEL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMEMNT FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCINCE IN ECONOMIC POLICY ANALYSIS
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1042
Appears in:Thesis - Economics

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