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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1023

Advisors: W/ro Rahel Bekele
W/ro Woinshet Abdele
Ato Workshet Lamnew
Keywords: Text categorization
machine Learning
naïve Bayes
K Nearest Neigbor
Copyright: 2003
Date Added: 9-May-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Currently newspaper companies and news agencies in Ethiopia are implementing a manual categorization system to categorize Amharic news articles in their day-to-day activities (although they are using computer system to store and dispatch information). The objective of this research was to investigate the application of machine learning techniques to automatic categorization of Amharic news items. 11, 024 news articles were used to do this research. To come up with good results text preparation and preprocessing was done. Stop-word and words that occur in 3 or less documents were removed from the collection. Thirty-three percent of the data was used for testing purposes. Machine learning techniques, Naïve Bayes and k Nearest Neigbor classifiers, were used to categorize the Amharic news items. The result of this research indicated that such classifiers are applicable to automatically classify Amharic news items. However, the classifiers work well when the categories contain almost evenly distributed news items. The best result obtained by the naïve Bayes and kNN classifiers is on three categories data (95.80% vs. 89.61%) and the least performance is shown on the 16 categories (78.48% vs. 64.50%) respectively. The 16 categories contain unevenly distributed data than the three categories and it is learnt that unevenly distributed numbers of documents over the categories decreases the performance of both classifiers; K nearest Neighbor dramatically decreases than naïve Bayes. This research indicated that Naïve Bayes is more applicable to automatic categorization of Amharic news items. The result of this research is promising. Nevertheless, additional works are recommended in order to come up with good result
Description: A thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Information Science.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1023
Appears in:Thesis - Information Science

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